The shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint. It is one of the most mobile joints in the body but at the expense of stability. Your shoulder is made up of three bones, a number of muscles, ligaments, tendons and nerves. Shoulder pain can be caused by injury or damage to any of these tissues.
At Mount Stuart Hospital our shoulder specialists will utilise Investigative tests to help diagnose the problem. They offer non-surgical treatments as well as surgery to treat many musculoskeletal conditions of the shoulder.
We offer a whole range of modern arthroscopic techniques for shoulder decompression, rotator cuff repair, frozen shoulder release and instability repairs. We also perform shoulder replacements and shoulder revision surgery.
The range of shoulder surgeries we offer
Your rotator cuff is composed of a group of four muscles and tendons that surround your shoulder joint. They help to keep your shoulder stable.
A rotator cuff tear is a common injury, often due to overuse or injury. It can be painful and may result in a lack of movement of your shoulder. Rotator cuff impingement is when the bone on top of your shoulder rubs against, or impinges on, the rotator cuff tendon and causes irritation and pain.
Rotator cuff surgery is normally used for large or complete rotator cuff tears or when non-surgical treatments such as injections and physiotherapy haven’t relieved the pain.
Rotator cuff repair surgery is performed using shoulder arthroscopy. Surgery for rotator cuff impingement is known as subacromial decompression. It widens the subacromial space in your shoulder by removing bone and soft tissue, so the rotator cuff tendon is no longer rubbing against the bone above.
Shoulder arthroscopy is a keyhole technique that involves inserting a small camera and light source into your shoulder joint to look inside and diagnose damaged or loose joint tissue.
If your shoulder surgeon decides treatment is required, they will then also insert small surgical instruments into your shoulder joint to repair or remove any damaged tissue and release tight tendons or ligaments.
Total shoulder replacement
The top of your arm (humerus) fits into a socket (glenoid). The protective surface of cartilage in your shoulder joint can wear away or become damaged due to arthritis or an injury. When this happens you often feel severe pain and suffer from restricted movement in your shoulder.
Total shoulder replacement is also known as shoulder arthroplasty or shoulder joint replacement. It involves replacing the ball with an artificial one and fitting a plastic surface on the socket so that your shoulder joint can move smoothly again.
If only part of your shoulder joint needs replacing your surgeon might recommend a partial shoulder replacement, also called a hemiarthroplasty.
The following Consultants specialise in shoulder surgery at Mount Stuart Hospital